As you all know, art is a traditional way to express ideas and imaginations and it is prevalent from the time human has entered this world. Well, we use a lot of equipment to write and to draw. But have you ever taken a while and imagined how these things originated? Or from where they ultimately originated? Have you ever imagined from where did the stationery supplier or online stationery supplier get their stationery products from? If you don’t know, here is the answer to your questions.
The pencils that you find in each and every offline as well as online stationery store, is more than 400 years old. The tip of the pencil is usually called as lead by most of the people, but in actual it’s made up of graphite powder which is mixed with a clay binder. The term graphite has originated from the Greek word graphene whose literal meaning is ‘to write’. Before pencil, silverpoint was used. But as soon as Grey Knotts made an approach and graphite was discovered from England in 1564, a pencil was born. This newly found graphite was pure and solid. Somewhere around 1560, an Italian couple invented wood cased pencil. They were oval, flat and more compact. The hardness of a pencil depends upon the clay used in to bind the graphite. In the 17th and 18th century, pencil drawing and sketching became quite popular among the masses. Famous personalities like Roald Dahl, Thomas Edison, Vladimir Nabokov, and John Steinbeck used to favour pencils.
Easels mark their presence back to ancient Egypt. The very first written depiction of an easel was made in the 1st century by Plingy the Elder. And after the commencement of the 13th century, it became famous than the wall painting.
Pens had its ancestors in the form of brush that was used by the Chinese for writing purposes, reed pens utilised by the Egyptians (ancient Egyptians prospered inscribing on papyrus scrolls) and quill pens (pens that are made up of bird’s feathers).
The first pen having metallic nib and the first metallic pen was flourished in the mid of the 19th century. They didn’t have any kind of reservoir for inks, just dip in the inkwells and write.
The fountain pen was one invented in 1884. There are evidence of the use of fountain pens by the ancient Egyptians. Ball pens arrived in the 1930s and 1940s and the soft tipped pens were not accessible till 1960s. Rollerball pens came into the market in 1970s. Pablo Picasso, Henri Matisse and Vincent van Gogh are some of the notable pen users.
It is one of the oldest stationery items. Can you believe it was used in the age of Paleolithic period as well? Well, strange but true. There are evidences of paintings in the caves of France and Germany such as Lascaux Cave and Chauvet Cave in France. Evidences are also found in the early Egyptians tomb. Most commonly, they have been made up of animal fibres such as hog hair or hair of the horse. But modern brushes are constituted if nylon fibres and polyethylene. Some are even made up of wires.
- Oil Paints
Earlier it was widely believed that oil painting was originally originated in Europe in the 11th century. But later in 2008, it was found that oil painting has originated in Afghanistan in the 7th century. Oil paints were used to make cave paintings in Afghanistan. As the cyclone of Renaissance knocked on the door of Europe, oil paints replaced tempera paints. By the 15th century, it became a popular medium, especially in Italy. Arnolfini Portrait by Jan van Eyck (1434), La Donna velata by Raphael (1516), The Rape of Europa by Titan (1562), The Raising of the Cross by Peter Pauls Rubens (1610), The Milkmaid by Johannes Vermeer (1658-1660) and The Blue Boy by Thomas Gainsborough (1770) are some classical example of oil painting. Mona Lisa by Leonardo Da Vinci in one of the finest examples of oil paintings in the world.
- Pottery Wheel
Pottery wheel, originated around 5000 years or more ago, is the oldest form of art in the world. Working on wheels makes it easy and complex at the same time. It was challenging as it needs to be turned with the manual labour of hand or foot. This needed a lot of manpower. That’s why by the end of the 18th century, most of the potters hired small boys to move and turn the wheel for them. By the 19th century, mechanical pottery entered the modern world, hence reducing the workload of the potters.
The history of crayons is not clear till the date. It is somehow difficult to trace its origin. The word crayon was originated around the year 1644. It has been service derived from the French word craie and the Latin word or creta. Wax based crayons first blossomed around the 19th century. Mixing wax with pigment dated to thousand years back, was used by the ancient Egyptians, Greece and the indigenous masses of Phillippines.